1. PAPER I (Poetry)

1. IMPORTANT QUESTIONS - POETRY

1. WILLIAM BLAKE
1. Answer the following questions. (Types of Poems)
(i) Define poetry.
(ii) What is an aubade?
(iii) What is a ballad?
(iv) What is a folk ballad?
(v) Define a carol?
(vi) What is a dramatic monologue?
(vii) Define elegy.
(viii) Define an epic.
(ix) What is a mock epic?
(x) What is an epigram?
(xi) What is an epithalamion?
(xii) What is a hymn? 
(xiii) What is a lyric? 
(xiv) Define an ode. 
(xv) What is a sonnet? 
2. Answer the following questions. 
(i) What is the uniqueness of Blake as a poet?
(ii) What are the major themes of Blake's poetry?
(iii) What are the contraries in Blake's poetry?
(iv) How does Blake view and handle religion in his poetry?
(v) What do you consider to be the task or purpose of Songs of Innocence?
(vi) Why are 'mercy, pity, peace, and love' good attributes in 'The Divine Image'?
(vii) How does the speaker describe the movements of the children in 'Holy Thursday'?
(viii) Where has the child learned that he is 'bereaved of light' in 'The Little Black Boy'?
(ix) How is the issue of race dealt with in 'The Little Black Boy'?
(x) What are the strong feelings used in the poem 'Little Black Boy'?
(xi) What is the child-speaker's relationship to little Tom Darce in 'The Chimney Sweepers'?
(xii) What does the apple symbolize in the poem 'The Poison Tree'?
(xiii) What is the 'apple' and why does it kill the foe?
(xiv) Why does the foe try to steal the apple?
(xv) What is the moral lesson of the poem 'A Poison Tree'?
3. Blake As a Romantic Poet
4. Blake As a Mystic Poet
5. Symbolism in Blake's Poetry
6. Comparison Between Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience
7. Depth of Thought and Simplicity of Language in Blake's Poetry
8. Blake As a Religious Poet
2. WILLIAM WORDSWORTH
9. Answer the following questions. (Structural Elements of a Poem)
(i) How many types are there of verse form?
(ii) What do you understand by rhyme scheme?
(iii) What is rhythm?
(iv) What is a couplet?
(v) What is a heroic couplet?
(vi) Define a stanza?
(vii) What is a quatrain?
(viii) What is a sestet?
(ix) What is an octave?
(x) What is a blank verse?
(xi) What is a free verse?
(xii) Define meter.
(xiii) What is an iamb?
(xiv) Define iambic pentameter.
(xv) What is foot is poetry?
10. Answer the following questions. 
(i) What, according to Wordsworth, is the role of a poet?
(ii) What is Wordsworth's theory of poetry?
(iii) What is the function of beauty according to Wordsworth?
(iv) What does Wordsworth think of humanity?
(v) What was Wordsworth's attitude towards the French Revolution?
(vi) Why 'The Prelude' is not an epic?
(vii) Does Wordsworth attitude towards nature undergo a significant change in the course of 'The Prelude'?
(viii) What is the main idea of 'The Prelude'?
(ix) What is the role of 'effective memory' in 'Tintern Abbey'?
(x) In what sense does 'Tintern Abbey' offer readers a 'religion of nature'?
(xi) How is the poem 'Tintern Abbey' pantheistic?
(xii) What is the main idea of 'Tintern Abbey'?
(xiii) What are the major themes of 'Ode on Immortality'?
(xiv) Interpret 'The Child is the Father of Man'.
(xv) What does Wordsworth mean by imagination? Is it comparable to fancy?
11. Wordsworth As a Romantic Poet
12. Wordsworth As a Poet of Nature
13. Theme of Memory in Wordsworth's Poetry
14. Main Features of 'The Prelude Book - I'
15. Critical Appreciation of 'Tintern Abbey, Revisited'
16. Critical Appreciation of 'Ode on Immortality'
3. P.B. SHELLEY
17. Answer the following questions. (Sound Devices Used in Poetry) 
(i) Define alliteration.
(ii) Define assonance.
(iii) What is consonance?
(iv) Define resonance.
(v) What is cacophony?
(vi) What is euphony?
(vii) Define onomatopoeia.
(viii) What is repetition?
(ix) Define rhyme.
(x) What is an internal rhyme?
(xi) What is a near rhyme?
(xii) Define rhythm.
(xiii) What is an accent?
(xiv) What is modulation?
(xv) Define meter.
18. Answer the following questions. 
(i) Why do we call Shelley a revolutionary poet?
(ii) Describe the structure of the poem 'Ode to the West Wind'.
(iii) How is Shelley's west wind in reality both a destroyed and a preserver?
(iv) What assistance does the poet ask of the west wind in 'Ode to the West Wind'?
(v) In what ways does 'Ode to the West Wind' fit the definition of an ode?
(vi) How is the natural world being transformed in 'Ode to the West Wind'?
(vii) Interpret 'If winter comes, can spring be far behind'.
(viii) Why does Shelley call beauty 'intellectual'? Can it be experienced only through the mind?
(ix) What is Shelley's concept of deity in 'Hymn to Intellectual Beauty'?
(x) What things are compared with 'intellectual beauty' in 'Hymn to Intellectual Beauty'?
(xi) What does the cloud symbolize in 'The Cloud'?
(xii) How mankind is being benefited by the clouds as described in 'The Cloud'?
(xiii) Why can't the poet define the skylark in 'To a Skylark'?
(xiv) What is the relationship between the skylark and the physical nature in 'To a skylark'?
(xv) Interpret 'Our sweetest songs are those that tell of saddest thought'.
19. Shelley As a Romantic Poet
20. Shelley's Lyricism
21. Shelley As a Revolutionary Poet Reformer
22. Shelley's Treatment of Nature
23. Critical Appreciation of
(i) Ode to the West Wind
(ii) The Cloud
24. Critical Appreciation of 
(i) Hymn to Intellectual Beauty
(ii) To a Skylark
4. JOHN KEATS
25. Answer the following questions. (Poetic Devices of Meaning I) 
(i) What do you mean by figurative language?
(ii) What is a literary allusion?
(iii) What is an analogy?
(iv) What is an ambiguity?
(v) What is apostrophe?
(vi) What is an allegory?
(vii) How is a simile different from a metaphor?
(viii) What is personification?
(ix) What is hyperbole?
(x) Define symbolism.
(xi) Define understatement.
(xii) Define irony.
(xiii) What is a dramatic irony?
(xiv) What is imagery?
(xv) What is euphemism?
26. Answer the following questions. 
(i) Why is Keats known as a lover of beauty?
(ii) How do the odes of Keats establish connection with ancient art?
(iii) The form of Keats' odes is said to have resulted from his study of the sonnet. In what way are they indebted to the sonnet?
(iv) Interpret 'A thing of beauty is a joy forever'.
(v) What is imagery in 'Ode to Autumn'?
(vi) What is special to Keats speaker about Autumn?
(vii) Why does Keats call autumn 'Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness'?
(viii) What is the message of 'To Autumn?
(ix) What is making the poet so happy at the beginning of 'Ode to a Nightingale'?
(x) What emotions and desires does Keats' speaker describe in connection with the nightingale?
(xi) What does Keats mean by 'charm'd magic casements ... In faery lands forlong'?
(xii) What scenes or images are depicted on the urn?
(xiii) Why does Keats address the urn as a 'cold pastoral'?
(xiv) Interpret 'Truth is beauty, beauty truth'.
(xv) Interpret 'Heard melodies are sweet, but those unheard, are sweeter'.
27. Keats As a Pure Poet
28. Keats As a Poet of Beauty
29. Sensuousness in Keats' Poetry
30. Negative Capability in Keats' Poetry
31. Comparison Between 'Ode to a Nightingale' and 'Ode to a Grecian Urn'
32. Hellenism in Keats' Poetry
5. T.S. ELIOT, W.B. YEATS & PHILIP LARKIN
33. Answer the following questions. (Poetic Devices of Meaning II) 
(i) Define oxymoron.
(ii) What is a paradox?
(iii) Define satire.
(iv) What is escapism?
(v) What is escape literature?
(vi) What is pessimism?
(vii) What is mysticism?
(viii) Define romanticism.
(ix) What is negative capability?
(x) What is Hellenism?
(xi) What do you mean by supernaturalism?
(xii) What do you understand by medievalism?
(xiii) Define comedy.
(xiv) What is a parable?
(xv) What is sensuousness?
34. Answer the following questions. 
(i) Name the characters in 'Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock'.
(ii) How is Prufrock like Guido? How are they different?
(iii) What is the significance of the title 'The Waste Land'?
(iv) What is the major theme of 'The Waste Land'?
(v) What is the function of Tiresias in 'The Waste Land'?
(vi) Why is the speaker so obsessed with swans in 'Wilde Swans at Colle'?
(vii) Explain the imagery of 'When You are Old'.
(viii) Why is Helen of Troy being blamed for the burning of Troy?
(ix) What are the major theme of 'The Second Coming'?
(x) What is the significance of the Sphinx myth mentioned in 'The Second Coming'?
(xi) What is the significance of 'frigid' and 'grinned' in 'Mr. Bleaney'?
(xii) What is the significance of the title 'Church Going'?
(xiii) What is the difference between religion and superstition as described in 'Church Going'?
(xiv) What does an ambulance stand for in the poem 'Ambulances'?
(xv) What is the main idea of the poem '1914'
35. Important Features of T.S. Eliot's Poetry
36. Critical Appreciation of
(i) Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
(ii) The Waste Land
37. Important Features of W.B. Yeats' Poetry
38. Critical Appreciation of 
(i) When You are Old
(ii) The Second Coming
39. Important Features of Larkin's Poetry
40. Critical Appreciation of
(i) Church Going
(ii) Ambulances

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